Written by: Marc Vorgers/ ClassicarImages
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one of the most famous names in post 1945 automobile history. Enzo
Ferrari started his career as a mechanic at Alfa Romeo. In the year 1923
Alfa Romeo offered him the opportunity to become (test) driver for the
Alfa Romeo racing team. Enzo Ferrari was not very successful as a
racingcar driver so he was made responsible for the organization and
technical problem solving within the racing team. Soon Enzo
Ferrari was asked to be the team manager of Scruderia Alfa Romeo; and he
was successful winning many races and championships for Alfa Romeo. As
Alfa Romeo decided to end their racing activities Enzo Ferrari decided
to start his own racing team; Scruderia Ferrari. Scruderia Ferrari was
racing Alfa Romeo cars and they were very successful in the thirties of
the twentieth century. In the late thirties the competition of Auto
Union and Mercedes-Benz became too strong so Alfa Romeo decided to stop
the production of racing cars. Enzo Ferrari decided to construct and
produce his own racing car which became reality in the year 1940; the
Auto Avia tipo 815. The car was based upon Fiat mechanics and was not
successful. After world war two, in the year 1945, Enzo Ferrari asked
his old friend and engineer Colombo to work with him developing a new
racing car. Colombo constructed the legendary Ferrari 60° V12 engine
with two overhead camshafts (one per cylinder row). The V12 engine had a
capacity of 1500 cc. and the unit saw it's debut in the Ferrari 125 S.
This prototype was going to be evaluated and in 1947 the result was the
first Ferrari production sportscar; the Ferrari 166. The tipo 166 design
was inspired by the open "Barchetta" style being introduced by
Click here to view a ClassicarImages photo reportage on 35 Ferrari sportscars built between 1949 and 1990...
Click here to view a ClassicarImages photo reportage on championship winning GT racing cars from 1953 until 1991. Amongst these GT champions we will find 6 Ferrari GT racing cars...
in the year 1950, the Ferrari 166 evaluated into the succeeding model
the Ferrari 195 Inter. The cylinder capacity of the Colombo V12 engine
has grown to 2341 cc. As with the Ferrari 166 the body's of the Ferrari
195 are built by several bodywork artists like Ghia, Touring and Vignale.
Breath taking creations appeared as coupes and convertibles based on the
Ferrari 195 chassis.
Next to the Ferrari models 195 and 212 Ferrari built various specials based on the 166 chassis between 1950 and 1955. These very exclusive special models were the Ferrari 340, 342 and 375 America and Mexico. These very scarce models were fitted with 4100 cc. and 4523 cc. V12 engines which were based upon the Ferrari Formula one V12 engine constructed by Aurelio Lampredi. The engine capacities of this so called "long block" topped 300 bhp. for the streetcars and 340 bhp. for the racingcars. Top speed of the street cars was 240 km/h.
The year 1952
was the start of the second phase in Ferrari history. After Colombo
enlarged the cylinder capacity of "his" V12 engine to 2953 cc.
the Ferrari 250 GT series saw the light of day... The 250 GT series was
to become the most successful and most famous Ferrari model family
exclusive and scarce Ferrari America en Mexico sportscars were succeeded
by the Superamerica models in the 250 GT era;
The year 1965 was the start of the third phase in Ferrari history which runs until 1973. From 1965 until the last front engined classic Ferrari three V12 engines are used for the new model series. The series consists of the following Ferrari models; the Ferrari 275, 330, 365 en 400 (the 400 is an after model which was build much longer). These Ferrari models are characterized by a new designed chassis, suspension and brake system. The cars feature all independent suspension, two circuit power diskbrakes all round and last but not least a gearbox mounted to the differential (Transaxle).
The legendary Colombo V12
engine was further developed and the cylinder capacity was enlarged up
to 3286 cc..
important news in the year 1965 was the introduction of the new 4390 cc.
V12 engine which was derived from the Ferrari 365 P racingcar. This
engine is used in the Ferrari 365 model family. The engine is fitted
with two or four overhead camshafts and dry sump lubrication. The cars
with four overhead camshafts can be identified by the /4 addition to the
One model in
365 family was responsible for the start of the fourth phase in Ferrari
history; the Ferrari 365 GT/4 BB
De introduction of the central mounted engine in the Ferrari 365 GT/4 BB would be the start of the fourth phase in Ferrari history; the mid engined V8 Ferrari models.
The Ferrari history from the year 1985 and onwards will be added in the near future...
Click here to view selection of Ferrari models in the ClassicarImages archives.