Jaguar 340 / Mk II, 1968
Jaguar 340, year 1968. Colour gold/beige metallic with a green leather interior and green carpet. This beautiful Jaguar 340 was sold new in the Netherlands and the car is in very good condition. The Jaguar 340 is a variant on the Mk II theme, the interior has a more austere appearance and the car sports slimmer bumpers. The 340 looks magnificent in this beautiful colour, the body work shows clean and crisp lines. The leather interior original and it shows some signs of age. This Jaguar 340 drives superbly, the 210 bhp. engine runs greedily and the power is transmitted to the rear wheels thru a 4-speed manual gearbox. Only 2630 cars of this type have been built from 1967 until 1969.
SOLD at Imparts.
The Jaguar Mk I/Mk II/ 340 is the most characteristic Jaguar "Sport-sedan" line in history. Almost everybody knows and recognizes the model as a Jaguar.
The Mk II/ 340 was a car with two faces: on the one hand, it was a very fast sport-sedan, which made the car favorite of British crooks as well as the police (a fact which was made full use of in many films and television series; think of Get Carter –1970-, featuring Michael Caine, and more recently, Inspector Morse). On the other hand, it was a very comfortable acceptable business car in which the ‘upper class’ would happily present themselves.
The 340 derived its power and speed from the famous Jaguar XK engine with which Jaguar had been able to win in Le Mans in 1951 and in 1953. The Jaguar 340 was equipped with the
3442 cc. engine producing 210 bhp..
The Jaguar 340 is very suitable for daily (business) use and will give the lucky owner much driving pleasure as well as a distinct image concerning the choice of car.
Six cylinder engine
cylinder capacity: 3442 cc.
capacity: 210 bhp. at 5500 rpm.
top-speed: 123 mph. - 198 km/h.
gearbox: 4-speed manual (overdrive optional) / 3-speed automatic
weight: 1525 kg.
*Source: The Jaguar File
Though the Jaguar brand was first used in 1945, its factory had been founded long before. In 1922, William Lyons and William Walmsley laid the foundation of the firm in Blackpool, England, with the name of Swallow Coachbuilding Co. The factory constructed motorcycles and sidecars and later bodies based on the Austin Seven chassis. When in the 1930s their own SS cars were built, the company name was changed into SS cars Ltd.
The SS cars were conventional saloons and drophead coupes in the way many other British brands built them.
For obvious reasons, After World War II the company name SS Cars Ltd. was changed into Jaguar Cars Ltd. It was the birth of the now famous and popular make of Jaguar.
The pre-war SS models were sold under the name of Jaguar until 1948, and in this year the saloon, the MK-V, and a sports car, which was the much talked of XK 120, were brought onto the market.
The XK 120 was very successful, and established the fame of this name as one of the icons in the history of motorcars. The XK 120 could reach 120 miles an hour (almost 200 km/h), which made it the fastest production car of its time. Moreover, the XK 120 cost much less than the other comparable production models by Aston Martin and Ferrari.
In 1951 and 1953, Jaguar won the 24-hour of Le Mans with a racer based on the XK 120, the Jaguar C-type. It made the name outright immortal. Success was continued the next years with the Jaguar D-type, which surpassed its competitors with its disc brakes.
The XK sports car series was a success and the XK 120 was succeeded by the XK 140 and XK 150 over the years. The deluxe saloons were a spur to victory with the introduction of the MK I in 1957 and the MK II in 1959. This self-willed, streamlined sedan was a real ‘wolf in sheep’s clothing’. The car was fitted with the powerful 3.4 litre XK six-cylinder engine, which was good for reaching a top-speed of about 200 km/h.
In 1960, Jaguar took over the British Daimler, and from that time onward it used the name of Daimler for its deluxe, comfort-oriented models, and the name of Jaguar for its sporty cars.
In 1961, the famous Jaguar E-Type was born. The E-Type was inspired by the D-Type racing car from the fifties. Like the XK, the E-Type was an icon in the history of car making, with an almost alien design and excellent technology. The E-Type appeared as a roadster, as an FHC (Fixed Head Coupe) and as a 2+2. They also built some special lightweight E-Types to prolong the racing successes of the past. However, they did not succeed as competitors had copied the technical achievements of the D-Type.
In the production of the deluxe saloons, a large MK X was added to the MK II, and the contiguous S-Type, the 240/340 series and the 420/420G series were brought onto the market.
In 1968, the Jaguar XJ was designed and though evolved in many ways, the XJ is available to this very day.…
In 1971, a V12 engine was added to the Jaguar E-Type, and later in the Daimler Double Six and the Jaguar XJ 12. At that time, it was the only twelve-cylinder engine in serial production in the world.
In the mid-seventies, the E-Type had to clear the field and besides the XJ, the special-lined 2+2 came onto the market. It was the XJS. This car was also available as a convertible.
So far the classic period. In the future the Jaguar history from 1980 will be filled in.
© Marc Vorgers